With the progress of science and technology and the development of engineering practice, the discipline of civil engineering has also developed into a comprehensive system with a wide range of connotations, numerous categories, and complex structures. Under the circumstances of the difficulty of undergraduate employment caused by the global financial crisis and the depreciation of the U.S. dollar, more and more students choose to study in the United States after graduation. Civil engineering is a relatively large branch of engineering.
The civil engineer ensures the smooth running of the projects implemented on the sites. Because of his involvement in all phases of the project, he is sometimes compared to a conductor.
The Mission of the Profession: Civil Engineer
At the first stage, during the design of the project, the civil engineer takes care of calculations and simulations. It is he who chooses the materials to be used and who defines the working methods. At the second stage, once the project is validated, the civil engineer directs the execution of the works. His missions may vary according to the nature of the site itself, but, on the whole, it is up to him to:
• Supervise the design of the project within a team.
• Take on the role of chief while the work is being carried out.
• Ensure safety standards for the well-being of its people and the public.
• Move the site forward, taking into account the requirements of the subcontractors.
• Lead site meetings.
• Inform the client.
To Become a Civil Engineer
Quite simply: with an academic degree, e.g. a bachelor’s degree and, if necessary, a master’s degree in civil engineering, sustainable building, building protection, or building project management.
There are almost 100 civil engineering bachelor’s and a similar number of master’s options. Most of them are offered full-time, but there are also dual study programs and some extra-occupational opportunities.
Civil engineering studies are predominantly offered at universities, technical universities, and technical colleges. Which university you choose depends on the question of what professional goal you have in mind. A technical college degree is usually followed by more practical activities such as construction manager or structural engineer.
Studying at a university, on the other hand, is more theoretical and more focused on research and science. It qualifies for more complex planning and construction tasks, for example in the higher public service. As you can see: The civil engineering course opens up a wide variety of job opportunities.
It is difficult to hope to become a civil engineer without pushing up to a bac + 4 at least. In many cases, this can only be achieved by civil engineering DUT. It is then necessary to have a lot of experience in the sites beforehand and to benefit from internal promotions.
For the classical circuit, the engineering degree in civil engineering generally requires three years of study. It is obtained within the framework of a building and public works engineering school.
Finally, there is a professional master’s degree with different specializations that is increasingly used nowadays. Candidates can then specialize, from this stage, in a chosen field: eco-construction, energy, environmental standards?
What Bachelor’s Diploma Does a Civil Engineering Undergraduate Get?
To start studying civil engineering, you have to meet certain requirements. On the one hand, there are restrictions on the part of the universities and, on the other hand, personal skills and interests that prospective civil engineers should definitely bring with them.
The personal requirements include:
- great interest in science
- technical understanding
- spatial imagination
- analytical thinking
- social competence
- sense of responsibility
- organizational talent
The bachelor’s degree certificate for undergraduate graduates is the bachelor’s degree certificate of engineering.
Graduates should acquire knowledge and abilities in the following areas
1. Have a solid foundation in the natural sciences and understand the main aspects and perspectives of the application of contemporary science and technology.;
2. Master the basic theories of engineering mechanics, fluid mechanics, and rock and soil mechanics, master basic knowledge in the fields of engineering materials, engineering selection and planning, structural design and analysis, basic knowledge of foundation treatment, and mastery of related engineering machines, electrical engineering, engineering measurement, and testing, and construction technology The basic technology of organization and other aspects.
3. Basic knowledge of technical design, computer applications, basic testing, and use of test equipment, as well as the ability to query data and obtain information through various means (including foreign language tools).
4. Understand and keep to the main laws and regulations of civil engineering;
5. Preliminary ability to perform testing, engineering, research, and management.
The first year of study is roughly the same as other engineering degrees. It will involve learning the basic knowledge of engineering, as well as learning the science and mathematics subjects that are the foundation of engineering principles.
The opportunity to specialize usually starts in the second year. The learning modules for the second year include hydraulics, building materials, geological engineering, and engineering surveying. These courses will be further explored in the next few years. After the first year of studying the theoretical aspects, the course will pay more attention to practical works.
Students must have a good scientific basis. Engineering training always requires solid knowledge in mathematics, physics, and technical drawing. As professionals, they should not limit themselves to repeatedly applying learned methods, which become old in the short term but must be able to find new solutions to new problems and, for this, scientific reasoning and a capacity for permanent training are essential.
Even if civil engineering is a practical subject, and you sometimes wonder through the construction site mud in rubber boots, everything is based on theory. On the one hand, the course is considered the least academic of all engineering professions, on the other hand, mathematics and computer science are omnipresent in the first four semesters of the bachelor’s degree. This phase is considered to be the toughest of the course.
In addition to the engineering basics from mathematics, physics, mechanics, and computer science, aspects from the fields of law and business administration also play a role. Practical lectures such as building materials and engineering are also on the curriculum. In addition, there are basics from all areas of civil engineering such as technical engineering, technical mechanics, materials science including building physics and chemistry, building construction, building informatics, surveying, environment, and ecology, and of course the omnipresent statics.
The civil engineering course includes scientific training in building material’s science, building informatics as well as statics and building construction. You will learn methods with which you can plan, calculate and execute civil engineering structures. As a student who studies STEM disciplines, you will attend lectures, seminars, and practical exercises along with assignment help provided by homework experts online.
In addition, students also work on projects in this course and take part in excursions (e.g. company tours).
Internships that are not integrated into the course are completed during the lecture-free period or before the start of the course. A practical semester is also an integral part of the course. It is usually completed in the 5th or 6th semester. Depending on the university, the internship semester can also be completed abroad. Information on the content and procedure can be found in the relevant internship regulations.
To complete the first degree, you have to write a bachelor thesis (bachelor thesis). Depending on the examination regulations, a colloquium must also be taken. Also in the advanced civil engineering master’s degree, which can of course be taken as a supplement to the bachelor’s degree, a thesis must be written at the end.
In principle, you have a free choice with a civil engineering degree, because civil engineers are wanted in many areas in modern construction. And demand will not decrease in the future either. Because of classic planning activities, experts in different companies or project managers or builders – the course prepares you to take on a wide variety of tasks.