Various types of wood for furniture (both hardwood and softwood) are available on the market. Each type has a distinct color, density, grain, and finishing characteristics.
Choosing the right wood for furniture is important because it helps you determine the exact price of your unit. It also plays an important role in deciding whether to restore, resell, or discard a piece of furniture.
Although any wood can make furniture, not all woods are created equal. That is why you must select it with care. Understanding the wood properties is essential when choosing the best wood for your furniture.
This guide will provide detailed information on wood, such as wood types, hardwood and softwood comparisons, wood qualities, wood hardness chart, wood processing, and which wood is best for what.
Best Woods For Furniture
1. Maple Wood
Maple is an outstanding furniture wood available in the market. There are many different types of maple, almost all of them make beautiful furniture, are highly durable, and wear extremely well.
Because maple is non-toxic, it can use to make kitchen cutting boards. Several grain patterns are available depending on the type of maple you want.
2. Walnut Wood
If you want durable, shock-resistant, and has a lot of stability, walnut has to be one of the best options. While walnut wood is one of the most expensive options available, it is well worth the investment.
It can use in various types of flooring, expensive instruments used by musicians, high-quality dining sets, etc. Walnut wood has a beautiful natural dark brown color and can use in homes with dark cozy themed furniture.
3. Mahogany Wood
Mahogany is a beautiful wood and one of the more traditional woods used in furniture making. Even though it is lightweight than some of the other wood types, it has the strength of oak.
Even though we think of mahogany as a reddish-brown color, lighter wood shades exist. Genuine mahogany comes from Latin America and is becoming increasingly difficult to find. As a result, it may be costly.
4. Cherry Wood
Because cherry wood is an excellent shock absorber and is quite sturdy, many artisans enjoy working with it.
It is more expensive but less expensive than walnut wood, and because of its abundance, it is used in a lot of flooring by homeowners and instruments like violins and pianos.
5. Oak Wood
Oak is a very durable wood commonly used for kitchen and flooring furniture. On the other hand, red oak is porous and slightly darker, and it is also reasonably priced and attractive, making oak wood an excellent material for furniture.
6. Teak Wood
Teak wood is best known for its strength and durability, and it can last for many years. The golden-brown color of the wood, combined with the straight grain, creates a visual treat.
Furthermore, the natural oil content of teak wood makes it resistant to termites and other pesky bugs that wreak havoc on wooden furniture.
7. Ash Wood
Ash trees are medium to large in height are available worldwide. The texture of ash wood is smooth to the touch, and it is long-lasting, rigid, and adaptable. It’s great for nailing, screwing, and gluing.
As a result, carpenters enjoy working with ash wood. However, it emits a distinct and mildly unpleasant odor while working on it.
8. Beech Wood
Beech wood is a dense, hard, and heavy wood with minute pores. Beech is a hard but dimensionally unstable and one of the best wood for furniture. Because it is highly resistant to splitting, it is very easy to work.
Beech has lower durability when exposed to the elements for an extended period. It is available throughout Europe, Asia, and North America.
9. Birch Wood
Birch trees are common throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Although it is closely related to Oakwood, it is much more difficult to work.
Birch plywood is probably the most commonly used because it is hard, stable, inexpensive, and widely available.
10. Rose Wood
Rosewood trees grow in tropical environments, including Brazil, India, and Madagascar. Rosewood is a long-lasting wood when properly dried.
It comes with white chalky deposits that dull tools and cause finishing issues. It is, however, one of the toughest woods.
11. Cedar Wood
Cedar is a common name for various cedars found in the eastern United States. The wood of red cedar (also known as aromatic red cedar) is highly resistant to decay and insect attack.
It has a strong aroma and easily planes and shapes. However, its screw and nail holding capabilities are only average.
12. Sal Wood
Its long-lasting durability and tensile strength distinguish sal wood because it is resistant to fungi, white ants, and other insects; it is practically immune to decay. Sal wood is mainly used for frames for doors and windows.
Hardwoods are without a doubt the best type of wood variety for furniture. Despite being increasingly difficult to obtain, hardwood furniture has a combination of durability and beauty that no engineered wood or softwood can match.
Despite their beauty, softwoods are not nearly as durable as hardwoods. While many different types of engineered wood are available, hardwood’s beauty and natural character cannot currently copy replicated by any technological process.
According to the Janka Hardness test, which measures the hardest woods on the planet, lignum vitae is the hardest wood (Guaiacum sanctum).
The Janka scale rates at 4,500 lb. selecting the perfect wood for furniture frequently involves balancing the contrasting wood beauty and wood density factors.
One type of hardwood, in particular, the Red-Maple Leaf, excels at both. It is a rare component of maple used in furniture, and it has a more exquisite grain pattern and a more vibrant color than regular maple.
Also Read –