Register Now


Lost Password

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email.


Register Now

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.Morbi adipiscing gravdio, sit amet suscipit risus ultrices eu.Fusce viverra neque at purus laoreet consequa.Vivamus vulputate posuere nisl quis consequat.

What Is Bitumen And Its Uses

What Is Bitumen And Its Uses:

Bitumen is the binding material present in asphalt. Sometimes it is also known as mineral tar. Bitumen is produced by partial distillation of crude petroleum.

it is chemically a hydrocarbon and insoluble in water. But it totally dissolves in alkalies, alkaline carbonates, benzol, chloroform, bisulphide, naptha, coal tar, petroleum spirit and oil of turpentine.

It is obtained from 87% carbon, 11% hydrogen and 2% oxygen (By weight). The bitumen is produced in solid or semi-solid state and black or brown in color.

Forms Of Bitumen:

The general forms of bitumen are as following

1. Bitumen Emulsion:

It is a liquid compound which contains a large amount of bitumen in aqueous medium. It is suspended by some appropriate stabilizing agents in the aqueous medium.

2 Cut-back Bitumen:

This form of bitumen is produced by fluxing asphaltic bitumen in presence of some liquid distillates of petroleum or coal tar. Cut-back bitumen can be used as bitumen paint in cold.

3 Blown Bitumen:

It is a special form of bitumen produced by passing air under pressure at a higher temperature. This type of bitumen can be used as heat insulating material, roofing and damp-proofing felts, producing asphalt pipe and joint fillers etc.

4 Plastic Bitumen:

It comprises of bitumen thinner and appropriate inert filler (40%-45%). Plastic bitumen can be used for filling cracks in masonry structures, stopping leakages etc.

5 Straight run Bitumen:

This type of bitumen is obtained by distillation of the bitumen to a definite viscosity or penetration without further treatment:

Application Of Bitumen:

  • Road Construction.
  • Hydraulics & erosion control Catchment areas, basins.
  • Dam groutings,
  • Dam linings,
  • Embankment protection
  • Dam linings,
  • Embankment protection
  • Ditch linings,  Reservoir linings
  • Reservoir linings
  • Jetties, Dyke protection
  • Dyke protection
  • Swimming pools
  • Waste ponds
  • Water barriers
  • Mattresses for levee & bank protection
  • Membrane linings,
  • Waterproofing
  • Revetments
  • Sand dune stabilization,
  • Drainage gutters,
  • Backed felts
Also Read- How To Check Quality Of Cement At Site

About AdminVerified

Comments ( 2 )

  1. Thank you for your work

  2. What is different between tar and bitumen?

Leave a reply

error: Content is protected !!