What Is Construction Site Safety?
Construction site safety includes all the procedures of safety that are in direct relation with the construction industry or construction sites. The main aim of construction site safety is to ensure that the people around the construction site as well as the people working at the construction site, including the workers, engineers, and other staﬀ, are safe from the ongoing construction work and the required measures of safety are strictly followed. It also ensures that the constructed structure meets the required safety standards.
Construction is rather a risky job. Risk on-site can be due to various factors such as accidents due to something falling on someone, working at height, injury due to machines, etc. Accidents and injury on site can be minor, major, or sometimes fatal too. It can be as minor as a cut on a finger or as fatal as permanent disability or even death of someone.
So to minimize these kinds of risks on construction sites, it is very important to follow the safety measures on site.
What Is a Construction Site Safety Checklist?
Construction site safety checklist also referred to as a safety checklist, is a document that contains some checkpoints which are related to the potential hazards and risks which may occur on the site naturally or also due to the irresponsibility of someone.
A checklist covers all the checkpoints which are to be strictly followed on construction sites to ensure safety for each of the ongoing activity.
A safety engineer walks around the construction site & thoroughly inspects every activity from the safety aspects & ensures that the given checkpoints in the construction safety checklist are strictly followed by the engineers and workers.
There are diﬀerent types of checklists used on construction sites for the safety of diﬀerent activities or diﬀerent purposes of safety. Some examples of construction site safety checklists are as follows:-
General safety checklist
- Checklist for Personal Protective Equipments (PPE)
- Checklist for working at height
- Checklist for fall protection
- Checklist for machines and equipment
- Checklist for electrical work
- Checklist for fire safety
Let us see these checklists in detail below.
General Safety Checklist
General safety checklist generally includes the points which are to be looked after on daily basis. General safety does not include safety checks for any particular task or activity. Some of the points included in the general safety checklist are:-
i) Are all workers wearing the required PPE kits?
ii) Is the construction site tidy?
iii) Is the available water potable, clean, and safe for drinking.
iv) Is the available material properly stacked in one place?
v) Proper barricading is done around the work area or not?
Checklist For Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal Protective Equipment is some of the equipment used by the employees of the construction site while performing some risk-oriented work. They are used to ensure the personal safety of workers performing a particular task. commonly used personal protective equipment are:-
- Safety hats
- Safety shoes
- Safety belts
- Safety gloves
- Safety specs/goggles
- Safety masks
Some of the general checkpoints for checklist for personal protective equipment are as follows:-
i) Are all workers and employees using the required PPE kits for their respective works?
ii) Are the personal protective equipment in the condition to be used?
iii) Are the personal protective equipment maintained properly?
iii) Are worn-out personal protective equipment disposed oﬀ?
iv) Are all the personal protective equipment available in a suﬃcient quantity?
Checklist For Working At Height
Working at height may sometimes be risky and can even cause injury or death if safety is not followed. Some checkpoints you need to include in the checklist for working at height are as follows:-
i) Are proper personal protective equipment used while working at height?
ii) Do the work area have a clear walkway/safe access?
iii) Are the ladders and similar equipment inspected regularly?
iv) Are proper lights available, if the work is to be done at night time?
v) Is there a suﬃcient space or enough working area for workers, materials, and equipment?
vi) Are platforms at height capable of carrying the load of workers, equipment & materials?
vii) Are safety nets installed around the working space, to avoid falling of fragments from height?
Checklist For Fall Protection
Some important checkpoints for fall protection safety are as follows:-
i) Are safety belts, safety nets, or personal fall arrest systems used by workers?
ii) Is the safety belt secured properly?
iii) If objects like steel bars are present vertically, right below the work area, are they covered using the protectors?
Checklist For Machines And Equipment
There are various machines and equipment used for diﬀerent purposes & activities at the construction site. Let us see few checkpoints for machines and equipment.
i) Is the machine/equipment in working condition?
ii) Is the equipment/machine maintained and serviced regularly?
iii) Is the machine/equipment fuelled, if required?
iv) Are the tyres, rollers, or belts in a good condition?
v) Is there any leakage of oil or fuel from the machine/equipment?
vi) Are lights working?
Checklist For Electrical Safety Inspection
Some important points which shall be included in the checklist for electrical safety inspection work are as follows:-
i) Are proper tools used?
ii) Are workers equipped with proper PPE?
iii) Is there any kind of water logging near the electrical wires or boards?
iv) Are all the switches & electrical boards in working condition?
v) Are all the wires properly & securely fixed?
Checklist For Fire Safety
Some important checkpoints included in the checklist for fire safety are as follows:-
i) Are fire-extinguishers in a working condition?
ii) Are fire extinguishers present in adequate quantity?
iii) Are firehose working properly?
iv) Are “No Smoking” signboards posted near flammable objects?
These were the examples of a few checklists which are used on construction site for safety. The checkpoints mentioned in each of the checklists are only a few examples of them. We can add more and more points to the checklist and make it more precise.