What Are Plastering Tools?
A well-plastered wall with a smooth finish can only be achieved by using certain tools known as Plastering tools. Usually, one might have seen these tools but may disagree with tool names, as mentioned below.
Every region worldwide has its name for these plastering tools that construction workers commonly use. So below, we have discussed some of the plastering tools with their commercial names.
Tools Used In Plastering Works
1. Gauging Trowel
Gauging trowel tools are used to gauge small quantities of materials and apply cement mortar to corners, moldings, etc. The physical appearance of this plastering tool can either be pointed or bull-nosed on one end, as we can see in the below image.
2. Spackle Knife
A Spackle knife is small in size but can play a significant role in plastering work; before using this tool or any repair, one must ensure to run a sturdy knife on cracks and uneven surfaces to use this tool smoothly.
Following the above procedure will remove chips of old plaster and high points and give a clean and smooth surface to apply plaster evenly with a spackle knife.
3. Spirit Level
This tool is essential and very useful during plastering work, As the spirit level helps to achieve an even and flat finish.
It consists of a water tube through which the surface level can be known. It also allows you to increase your work quality and attain evens from all sides.
4. Straight Edge
A straight edge is a plastering tool used to even off rendered floors that can cover a large area in a short period. Generally used for leveling the concrete surface or plastered surface and also used to measure distances.
This plastering tool is usually made of aluminum and is used in the final plastering stage to attain a smooth finish.
This tool is used for applying and spreading the cement mortar on the surface. It is a flat wooden or metal board with a handle on a flat surface. There are two types of floats based on the type of material used to make it.
- Metal float
- Wooden float
a. Metal Float
As the name suggests, this type of float is made of thin tempered steel, also known as laying trowel. It is used for laying and troweling the plaster material to attain the desired finish.
b. Wooden Float
This type of float is generally known as skimming float. It is used while applying the finishing coat of plaster.
6. Plumb Bob
Plumb bob is a level-checking tool that is used to check the vertical levels of the wall. The appearance of this plastering tool is usually a solid cone shape bob with a pointed one end and a thread tied on the other end.
7. Floating Rule
The floating rule tool is used for checking the level of the plastered surface between successive screens.
8. Paddle Mixer
A paddle mixer is used for mixing the plastering ingredients in large quantities. Paddle mixers help break the clumps and allow plasterers and admixtures to adjust the consistency of their mix with ease.
A hammer is one of the most useful tools during plastering work. There are two types of hammers, a Claw hammer, and a drywall hammer. Both hammers can help chip out chunks of plaster and are useful for hacking surfaces.
A sponge is used to make a smooth surface on the plastered surface. A square wet sponge is used to smooth out the unevenness on the plastered surface.
A hawk is considered one of the main plastering tools used by many professional plasterers or masons. The hawk helps the mason carry and hold the plaster as they move down the wall. It allows you to apply the plaster easily and rapidly across both ceilings and walls.
12. Tube level
A tube level is used to level the upper part of the plastered surface to attain an equal and clean finish. A tube level is a transparent plastic tube or small pipe filled with water without a bubble. It works on the principle that water seeks its level.
When both ends of the tube are held against each vertical surface, the water level always rests at the same vertical plane if the surface is equal.
13. Water Brush
A water brush is often used in western countries as a substitute for a sponge.
A roll of thread is used for checking the level of plaster of different structures to attain evenness on both structures.
It is performed by holding the thread on the edges of both structures, as shown in the below image.
15. Bucket or Putti or Ghamela
As seen in the above image, this plastering tool is used to carry and hold the plaster mixture by masons during the plastering work.