Types of Paint Used In Building Construction For Interior & Exterior Wall

Are you undecided on the paint to use for your project? Don’t forget to do your homework. Learn more about different types of paint used in building construction in this article.

The type of paint you select is just as essential as the color, and it may have a significant impact on the character of your space, the quality of your paint job, and the mood you want to create. Before deciding on a paint type, there are several variables to consider. 

Courtesy: Forbes

It is generally known that painting improves the overall appearance of structures. Painting is, in fact, one of the most important aspects of any refurbishment job. Aside from improving the overall appearance, paints have a variety of uses and applications for painting specialists.

As a result, painting specialists must understand the performance characteristics of each type of paint. It is easy to determine the optimal paint product for each application this way.


Why Is Painting Done?

Painting is typically done for the following purposes:

  • Surface protection against insects, rain, solar radiation, and other environmental elements.
  • Surfaces that have been professionally painted are easier to maintain clean and safe.
  • Increasing a surface’s visual attractiveness.
  • Waterproofing.
  • Improving the surface’s durability.

Qualities Of A Good Paint

Physical characteristics must be examined when picking a type of paint for a given application. A good paint will provide the following advantages:

  • Application simplicity
  • Reasonable drying time
  • Creating a thin, non-cracking film
  • Creating a tough and long-lasting coating
  • The weather should not affect its functioning.
  • Users will not be harmed.

Types Of Paint Used In Building Construction

Though different sorts of remodeling necessitate different types of paint and techniques, here we have included a few accessible types of paint for you to consider before painting your property.

1. Enamel Paint

This type of paint is typically made by adding zinc or lead directly to varnish. Pigments will be added to it in order to produce a wide range of hues. Enamel paints have been shown to produce harder, glossier coats that are extremely easy to clean.

Furthermore, the paint is chemically resistant and waterproof, resulting in great color retention and coverage. Subcontractors must carefully supervise the application of this paint.

Some of the most popular applications for enamel paints are – windows, staircases, walls both interior and external, wood trim, flooring, and doors, and surfaces such as brick, metals, wicker, glass, and plasters.

The main drawbacks of enamel paint are the need for titanium coating and delayed drying before application.

Enamel paint
Enamel paint
Courtesy: Rawlins Paints

2. Oil Paint

This type of paint has a white lead base and is typically applied in three coats: primer, undercoat, and finish. This paint is available in two finishes: matte and glossy.

Oil paint is a popular choice since it is long-lasting and inexpensive, and it is simple to apply and clean. This paint is often used on walls, doors, windows, and metal items.

Despite their numerous advantages, these also have significant drawbacks. Oil paint does not work well in humid environments and takes longer to cure entirely.

3. Emulsion Paint

The term emulsion refers to a mixture of two liquids that do not entirely mix. For example, oil and water form an emulsion, and you can see the layer of oil in the water.

Water is the principal vehicle/medium in which pigment, binders, and additives are added and spread in most emulsion paints.

Binders, which are polymers, are employed in paints to form a continuous film. Binders used in the formulation of paints include epoxy, acrylic, resin, and alkyd resins. Emulsion paints are flexible, dry rapidly, and may be used on both indoor and outside surfaces.

Emulsion Paint
Emulsion Paint
Courtesy: Asian Paints

4. Cement-based Paint

When cement is the most important component of paint, it can provide maximum sturdiness and hardness. These paints are a superior alternative for both interior and outdoor walls. This type of paint no longer necessitates the use of any exclusive natural count or oil.

It may also be an excellent choice for an external surface because it can reduce dirt collection and prevent water penetration. Cement paint may be one of the best options for an exterior or interior wall, as well as a concrete wall construction.

5. Water-based Paint

The bulk of wall paint sold now is water-based, owing to its ease of application. If your surface has previously been covered with an oil-based solution, be cautious when converting to water-based paint since it may not adhere properly.

In this case, cleaning the surface and then roughening it all over with a medium to smooth grain sandpaper can prevent the fresh coat from flaking.

Several firms have produced waterborne enamels or alkyds for situations where an oil-based paint would normally be desirable, but you want a water-based solution. These paints have the appearance and behavior of oil paints.

6. Bituminous Paint

This type of paint is created from dissolved asphalt or tar, which gives it its distinctive black hue. It is waterproof and alkali-resistant, but it should not be used in situations where it will be exposed to sunlight because it deteriorates.

Bituminous Paint
Bituminous Paint

Underwater ironworks, concrete foundations, timber surfaces, and iron pipes frequently find bituminous paint. When applied to metals, it also helps to give corrosion resistance.

7. Aluminum Paint

This paint is made by combining aluminum particles with oil varnish. It is corrosion, electricity, and weather resistant. Aluminum paint is widely used on metals and wood, with particular uses including gas tanks, oil tanks, water pipes, and radiators.

8. Anti-corrosive Paint

This paint is frequently distinguished by its unique chemical resistance, as suggested by its name. It is manufactured from linseed oil, fine sand, and zinc chrome.

This type of paint has a standard black hue and is frequently used on pipes or other metallic surfaces. This paint is capable of preventing corrosion by limiting the direct passage of water and air to the metal.

The coatings function as a barrier, prethe venting corrosive materials and chemical compounds from coming into direct contact.

Anti-corrosive paint
Courtesy: Nimlac paints

9. Cellulose Paint

Amyl acetate, celluloid sheets, and photographic films are typically used to make this paint. Castor oil may be used to promote adhesion, and the surfaces could be easily cleaned. It’s also possible to wash the paint once it’s dry.

This type of paint is distinguished by its speed of drying, hardness, and smoother surface, as well as its resistance to water, acids, and smoke.

Cars and airplanes are the greatest places to use cellulose paint. The most significant downside of this paint has proven to be its price. Nonetheless, it is worthwhile to invest.

10. Plastic Paint

Water is frequently used as a thinner in this sort of paint, and it comes in a wide range of hues. It dries quickly and provides a lot of coverage.

Some of the most prevalent uses for plastic paint are slabs, ceilings, walls of display rooms, auditoriums, showrooms, and other similar structures and decks.

Plastic paint
Courtesy: Plastics Make It Possible


If you don’t want to skimp on quality and want your money’s worth, then you should invest in the right type of paint. You should hire a professional painter without a doubt.

Every sort of paint is specifically created for a variety of uses. It is also important to realize that selecting high-quality paint can ultimately save project expenses while continuously enhancing performance.

Also Read

How To Calculate Quantity Of Paint For Building

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