What Is Building?
A structure with walls and a roof standing more or less permanently in one place is commonly known as a building. For example a house or factory. Buildings serve several societal needs – primarily as shelter, living space, privacy & security, to store materials, workspace, etc. In this article, different types of buildings are discussed.
Types Of Buildings:
Depending upon the character of occupancy or the type of use, buildings can be classified into different categories as follows:
1. Residential Buildings:
A building should be considered a residential building when more than half of the floor area is employed for dwelling purposes. Other buildings should be considered non-residential. A residential building is one that’s designed and accordingly built for inhabitants to measure in and call House. Inhabitants can either be a family, single, a couple, roommates, or may be in a group.
A residential building has basically:
- A sleeping room(bedroom)/space,
- A living room/space,
- Conveniences (as in toilet and bath),
- Cooking room/area (kitchen).
All of those functions can either be in shared rooms or spaces or have exclusive rooms per function. These types of buildings include one or two private dwellings, apartment houses (flats), bungalows, duplex, storey houses, terrace buildings, apartment buildings, condominium buildings, hotels, dormitories, semi-detached building etc.
2. Educational Buildings:
These buildings include any building used for school, college, or daycare purposes involving assembly for instruction, education, or recreation.
3. Institutional Buildings:
These buildings include any building or part which is used for medical treatment etc. Such as Hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, sanatoria, jails, prisons, mental hospitals, etc.
4. Assembly Buildings:
These buildings may include any building or part of a building where a group of people gathers for recreation, amusement, social, religious, or such types of purposes such as theaters, assembly halls, exhibition halls, restaurants, museums, club rooms, auditoria, etc.
5. Business Buildings:
These shall include any building type or part of a building that is used for business transactions, keeping records of accounts, town halls, city halls, courthouses, etc.
6. Mercantile Buildings:
These shall include those buildings which are used for soap, market, stores, wholesale or retail.
7. Industrial Buildings:
These types of building mainly used for manufacturing purposes. Here products or materials of all kinds and properties are fabricated, assembled, or processed, for example, gas plants, refineries, mills, dairies, etc.
8. Storage Buildings:
These buildings are generally used for the storage or sheltering of goods, wares, or merchandise like warehouses, cold storages, garages, stables, transit sheds, etc.
9. Hazardous Buildings:
These types of buildings include any building which is used for storage, handling, manufacture, or processing of highly combustible explosive materials or products that are liable to burn extreme rapidly which may produce poisonous fumes, a building that is used for storage, handling, or manufacturing highly corrosive, toxic, acid or other liquids or chemicals producing flame, fumes explosive, etc.
Also Read –
Join Telegram Channel – Civil Engineering Daily
Tags: Types of Buildings, Building types, Classification of Buildings.