Types Of Buildings

What Is Building?

A structure with walls and a roof standing more or less permanently in one place is commonly known as a building. For example a house or factory. Buildings serve several societal needs – primarily as shelter, living space, privacy & security, to store materials, workspace, etc. In this article, different types of buildings are discussed.

Types Of Buildings

Depending upon the character of occupancy or the type of use, buildings can be classified into different categories as follows:

1. Residential Buildings

A building should be considered a residential building when more than half of the floor area is employed for dwelling purposes. Other buildings should be considered non-residential.


A residential building is one that’s designed and accordingly built for inhabitants to measure in and call House. Inhabitants can either be a family, single, a couple, roommates or may be in a group.

A residential building has basically:

  • A sleeping room(bedroom)/space,
  • A living room/space,
  • Conveniences (as in toilet and bath),
  • Cooking room/area (kitchen).

All of those functions can either be in shared rooms or spaces or have exclusive rooms per function. These types of buildings include one or two private dwellings, apartment houses (flats), bungalows, duplexes, storey houses, terrace buildings, apartment buildings, condominium buildings, hotels, dormitories, semi-detached buildings, etc.

2. Educational Buildings

These buildings include any building used for school, college, or daycare purposes involving assembly for instruction, education, or recreation.

3. Institutional Buildings

These buildings include any building or part which is used for medical treatment etc. Such as Hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, sanatoria, jails, prisons, mental hospitals, etc.

4. Assembly Buildings

These buildings may include any building or part of a building where a group of people gathers for recreation, amusement, social, religious, or such types of purposes such as theaters, assembly halls, exhibition halls, restaurants, museums, club rooms, auditoria, etc.

5. Business Buildings

These shall include any building type or part of a building that is used for business transactions, keeping records of accounts, town halls, city halls, courthouses, etc.

6. Mercantile Buildings

These shall include buildings used for soap, markets, stores, wholesale or retail.

7. Industrial Buildings

These types of building are mainly used for manufacturing purposes. Here products or materials of all kinds and properties are fabricated, assembled, or processed, for example, gas plants, refineries, mills, dairies, etc.

8. Storage Buildings

These buildings are generally used for the storage or sheltering of goods, wares, or merchandise like warehouses, cold storages, garages, stables, transit sheds, etc.

9. Hazardous Buildings

These types of buildings include any building which is used for storage, handling, manufacturing, or processing of highly combustible explosive materials or products that are liable to burn extremely rapidly, which may produce poisonous fumes.

This building is used to store, handle, or manufacture highly corrosive, toxic, acid or other liquids or chemicals that produce flame, fumes, explosives, etc.

types of building

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Tags: Types of Buildings, Building types, Classification of Buildings.

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