35 Types Of Doors Used In Building

What Is A Door?

A door is a movable barrier to an opening in the wall that permits people to pass through. There are around 35 different types of doors in use. They are discussed in this article.

Types of Doors

Types Of Based on the location

1. Exterior Doors

Exterior doors are the doors that provide access to the insides of a building. The exterior doors are generally huge and decorative. The exterior doors provide safety to the people and property inside the building and thus it has high-quality lock systems.

  • Application: Main doors of houses, temples, churches.

2. Interior Doors

Interior doors are the doors that provide access to the rooms within a building. They do not provide access to the outside of the building. These doors provide privacy to the people.

Application: Bedroom doors, bathroom doors, kitchen doors, etc.
interior door

Classification Of Doors Based On Materials:

3. Wooden / Timber Doors

Timber doors are made of wood from oak, ash, poplar, pine, fir, cypress, walnut, redwood, or even plywood. These types of doors provide an elegant appearance to the building.

Powered By BEdigitech

Application: Residential buildings, Meditation halls, Religious buildings.
wooden timber doors

4. Mild Steel Doors

In this type, mild steel is used in the making of doors. It provides more safety than wooden doors in terms of fire resistance, thermal efficiency, and resistance to bowing. They are easy to maintain as well.

Applications: Industries, safety lockers.

5. Glass Doors

Glass doors are decorative doors that allow the ideal amount of natural light to pass through. However, privacy is restricted. Glass doors also improve the sight of the building.

Applications: Office cabins, garden doors.
glass doors

6. Corrugated Steel Doors

In this type, corrugated steel sheets are used for doors. They have a wavy pattern that makes them ideal for collapsing shutter doors. The corrugations in the steel increase the tensile strength. However, they are vulnerable to rusting.

Applications: Industries, yard doors, shops.

7. UPVC Doors

UPVC doors are made of synthetic unplasticized Poly Vinyl Chloride. It is very rigid and durable against weather and temperature when compared to other materials. However, it does not provide a pleasing appearance because of the plastic look.

Applications: Bedroom and bathroom doors, office building.

8. Fibre Glass Doors

Fibre Glass doors, unlike the name suggests, are not made of glass but with glass fibers. Fiberglass doors are made using three components namely the frame, core, and skin.

The frame consists of any high-strength material such as wood or steel. The core comprises polyurethane with glass fibers for insulation against weather and sound. The skin of the door is the surface of the door that is visible and it is covered with artificially induced grains to mimic the wood.

Applications: Residential buildings.
fibre glass door

9. Carbon Fibre Reinforced Doors

Carbon fiber reinforced doors are similar to fiber glass doors but made up of carbon fibers. It provides more strength than glass fibers and retains its shape during high-temperature conditions.

10. Aluminium Doors

Aluminum doors are made of aluminum and mainly used as exterior doors because of the massive appearance it provides. They are easily customizable and available in various colors which makes them an easy option for exterior doors.

Applications: Office buildings, houses.
aluminium door

11. Wire Gauged Doors

In wire gauge doors, the panels of the door are replaced by a wire mesh or gauge. This allows plenty of natural light and ventilation inside but keeps away insects and intruders.

It is very common to install a wire gauge door in addition to the main door of a residential building to get safety and ventilation at the same time.

Applications: Industries, residential buildings, factories.

12. Composite Doors

Composite doors are the best types of doors available that have overcome the disadvantages of the previously discussed door. They are durable, elegant, more secure, solid and rigid, energy-efficient, and cheap.

There are many composite doors available namely the bamboo jute composite door, fiber, and wood composite doors, jute and coir, glass fiber, carbon fiber, etc.,

d. Types Of Doors Based On Components:

13. Panel Doors

Panel doors are made up of several pieces of wood materials that are comprised together to act as one single door. This type of door provides a superior exotic look to the doors. Panel doors are mostly made of timber and surface finished with varnish to add beauty to the natural wood.

Applications: Residential buildings, main doors.
panel door

14. Board Batten Doors

Board batten boards are made up of a series of narrow bands of wood arranged lengthwise and secured safely using battens. They are mostly made of plywood.

Applications: Barn doors, shed doors
battened door

15. Glazed Doors

Glazed doors are made using glass panes that are cut and shaped to a particular pattern. They enhance the sight of the building.

Application: Office, public buildings.

16. Hollow Core Doors

Hollow core doors are cheaper alternatives available in the market. They have a hollow core that makes them light and easy to handle. They also have better sound and thermal insulation properties. However, they are not durable and are susceptible to bowing.

Applications: Residential buildings.

17. Flush Doors

Flush doors are simple plain doors without any panels on them. They can be hollow, solid, or have a stave core. Flush doors are easy to install, economical, and durable.

Applications: Residential buildings, offices, cabins.
flush door

b. Classification Of Doors Based On Mechanism:

18. Hinged Doors

Hinged doors as the name implies have hinges attached to the panels of the door that facilitate swinging motions up to 180 degrees.

The number of hinges used depends on the size and weight of the door. These types of doors are widely used due to their simplicity and affordability.

Application: Bedroom doors, bathroom doors.

19. Collapsible Doors

Collapsible doors are the types of exterior doors used where the width of the passage is large. A collapsible door hangs from the top of the door frame and has rollers at the bottom.

This facilitates the horizontal collapsing of the door when it is pushed. It may be made up of mild steel or PVC.

Application: Lifts, shop doors, parking doors, etc.

20. Bi-fold Doors

A Bi-fold door is a type of collapsible door used for passages with large openings but made up of panels. In bi-fold doors, the door is made up of various panel sections which collapse when pushed.

The door frame consists of tracks that will facilitate the movement of the pivots that are attached to the top and bottom of the doors.

Application: Closet doors, garden doors.

21. Rolling Shutter Doors

Rolling shutter doors are also types of exterior door that provides access by collapsing vertically. It is installed with an end cap also called “hood” inside which the door would roll up when opened.

They can be operated manually or completely automated. They are mostly made using aluminum and sometimes using PVC.

Application: Garage doors, shop doors, warehouses, prisons.

22. Sliding Doors

Sliding doors usually consist of two panels where one is fixed and the other slides over the fixed one. This saves space and comes in handy when there is a restriction to swinging movement.

Application: Closet doors, garden doors, windows.
sliding door

23. Rotating or Revolving Doors

Rotating doors are common types of doors that consist of three or more separate door panels held together in vertically opposite axes on a central shaft.

When the door is pushed from the outside, the whole system of panels revolves to provide access to the inside of the building.

Revolving doors are used in high-rise buildings because of their ability to release the stacking pressure built up inside the building. It also allows the movement of a large number of people at the same time.

Application: High-rise buildings, offices.

24. Up and Over Doors

Up and over doors also called as a canopy up and over doors are electrically operated doors mostly seen in garages. These types of doors have a custom-made steel frame over which the doors with rollers are placed.

These doors are connected to an electric operator that will pull the door back and thus providing access when needed.

Application: Garage doors.

25. High Speed Doors

High-speed doors are advanced rolling shutter doors used in industries to save time that will usually take in the normal rolling shutters. These high-speed doors have an opening and closing speed of 3m/s.

Application: Industries, shops, storage places.

26. Automatic Doors

Automatic doors are advanced high-performance doors that make use of sensors to open by themselves. The sensors are usually placed on the doors to detect the motion in front of it.

Application: Public buildings, malls, offices.

e. Other Types Of Doors:

27. French Door

These types of doors are made up of glass panels mostly extending throughout the length of the door giving it a very pleasing appearance.

Due to the presence of glass, the door allows the ideal amount of natural light into the building. It first originated in France and hence named the French door.

Applications: Houses and office buildings.

28. Dutch Door

A Dutch door is a special type of door that is divided into two parts – the bottom and the top. The main feature of the Dutch door is that the top half of the door can be opened while the bottom is kept shut. This door satisfies the need for safety without compromising on light and ventilation.

Application: Houses with children, elder people and in shops.

29. Saloon Doors

Saloon doors are made using bi-directional hinges and do not extend for the full length. The saloon doors are mostly installed in the mid-lengths providing only visual barriers.

Unlike other doors, saloon doors are not provided with handles. The small size of the door makes it easy for people to push the doors though it has no handles.

Application: Cabins, restaurants.

30. Blind Door

Blind doors are a special type of doors that visually blend with the wall and do not identify themselves as doors.

They are hidden doors without knobs or door handles. The doors have the same finish as that the walls surrounding them.

Applications: Hospitals use blind doors to prevent dementia patients from getting lost.

31. Louvred Door

Louvered doors are made using several horizontal strips of wood arranged in an inclined fashion and parallel to each other. This arrangement regulates airflow and allows natural light inside the building.

Applications: School and educational buildings.

32. Bypass Door

Bypass doors are solid sliding doors that are found mostly in modern closets. They provide an elegant appearance to the interior of the building and don’t take up much space.

33. Trap Door

A trap door is a hinged door that is in line with the ceiling or the floor. The trap door is suitable for vertical passages and openings. It is used for attics and basements.

34. Rebated Doors

Rebated doors are doors made of two or more pieces of wood that are arranged in such a way that they naturally embed with each other. This gives the door a flush look and as if it is made of a single piece of wood.

35. Blast Proof Door

Blast-proof doors are used in nuclear power plants, chemical industries, and facilities where there is a risk of explosion. The blast-proof doors are made of steel and have the ability to protect human lives during an explosion. Blast-proof doors are also used in banks and in safety deposit lockers.

We have covered all types of doors in this article, I hope you now have enough knowledge about it.

Also Read

Types Of Windows Used In Building

Types Of Kitchen Layouts

Types Of Kitchen Sinks

If you like this article, please share it with your friends & also like our Facebook Page and join our Telegram Channel.

4 thoughts on “35 Types Of Doors Used In Building”

Leave a Comment